Monthly Archives: August 2016
Although bad bosses can create a great deal of stress in their employees, they’re not all bad in the same way.
A study recently published in the Research in Occupational Stress and Well-Being book series revealed that bad managers typically fall into one of two categories: dysfunctional or dark.
Seth Spain, one of the study’s authors and an assistant professor at Binghamton University in New York, said a dysfunctional boss, such as Steve Carell’s Michael Scott from “The Office,” is someone who isn’t out to hurt you.
“Through lack of skill, or other personality defects, they’re just not very good at their job,” Spain said in a statement. “Largely, that’s what we would call ‘dysfunctional.'”
On the other side, dark bosses, like Gordon Gekko (Michael Douglas) from the movie “Wall Street,” are much more destructive and hurt others in order to elevate themselves, according to Spain.
“[These are] people who enjoy the pain and suffering of others – they’re going to be mean, abusive and harassing in daily life,” he said.
While these are the two distinct types of bad bosses, that doesn’t mean that every bad boss is 100 percent on either side of the equation. In the studies, authors note that managers can display varying degrees of these characteristics.
Regardless of their style, both types of bad bosses can inflict a great deal of stress on those who report to them.
“A person’s direct supervisor is a lens through which they view their work experience,” Spain said. “We think, in particular, that a boss can be an incredibly substantial source of stress for people who work for them.”
The study’s authors believe that having a better understanding of the different types of bad bosses can the first step in helping to change their behavior, which in the end could result in reduced stress among employees.
“We believe that these characteristics are extremely important for understanding employee development and career advancement,” Spain said. “Understanding the role that these characteristics play in stress experiences at work is extremely important, especially since bad leaders can cause so much suffering for their subordinates.”
The study was co-authored by Peter Harms, an assistant professor at the University of Alabama, and Dustin Wood, a research fellow at the University of Alabama.
When budgets are tight, it can be hard to justify raises as rewards for high-performing employees. But if someone loves their work, takes pride in doing it well and feels valued, there are many other ways besides a bigger paycheck to show your appreciation for a job well done.
Studies have shown that employees with high job satisfaction are generally more productive, engaged and loyal to their companies. Hiring managers, HR experts and business leaders weighed in on the best ways to keep employees satisfied when salary isn’t the driving factor.
1. Be transparent
“Feedback and the ability to understand employee concerns is important, but it’s what you do after that’s critical to retention. You should always be transparent by sharing what you’ve learned and a course of action for addressing the issue. For example, after a recent company-wide engagement survey, we chose to share our results with all employees. We not only communicated our top areas of success but also our areas for improvement and how we planned to address them moving forward. Transparent communication and a simple acknowledgement that we heard you can go a long way.” – Laura Grieco, HR and administration director at Parkmobile
2. Offer more vacation time
“Reward your highest performers with incremental vacation days. These employees are your superstars so you can be confident they will get their work done as well as enjoy a few extra days of well-deserved time off with family and friends.” – Stacia Pache, founder and CEO of itBandz [See Related Story: Want to Boost Employee Productivity? Offer an Incentive]
3. Make work-life balance a priority
“To engage the workforce and remain competitive, it’s no longer sufficient to focus solely on benefits. Top employers create an environment where employees feel connected to the organization and have a positive work experience that’s part of a rich, fulfilling life. – David Ballard, assistant executive director for organizational excellence at the American Psychological Association
4. Encourage communication in common areas
“Businesses should take steps to create spaces where employees can easily communicate and share ideas. Casual conversations in the break room can become collaborative conversations. Make it inviting and effective, with nice furniture, tables, and snacks and beverages, if possible.” – Tom Heisroth, senior vice president at Staples Advantage
5. Create a career pathway
“[Our research] found that providing developmental support, such as training opportunities and career mentoring, to employees who do not believe there are attractive career opportunities for them within the company led to such employees leaving the organization. It’s critical for businesses to have regular career planning discussions with their employees. As part of training and development, make sure employees are aware of the different types of career paths or job opportunities throughout the company.” – Maria Kraimer, business professor at the University of Iowa
6. Build employees up
“If you’re looking to keep an employee by giving him/her a raise, it’s already too late. Find people who share the operational values of your organization from the outset, test for fit early, and allow growth opportunities to express that value. We’re fanatics about initiative and constructive impact. Our team members are consistently rewarded with higher value projects following a constructive initiative.” – Zachary Watson, CEO at HoneyCo
7. Promote a positive work environment
“Happy employees make for a happy company. Within the office, we’ll publicly acknowledge accomplishments, provide a group lunch, reserve a prime parking space, or change a title. We’ll also help employees to grow and develop, whether by taking on new desired responsibilities or challenges, taking courses to learn new skills, or furthering knowledge of the company by traveling on company business trips.” – Jakki Liberman, president of Bumkins
8. Set the example
“One can’t underestimate the importance of walking into the office as the boss with a smile on my face and making sure I give the same feeling of importance to everyone.” – Jon Sumroy, CEO and inventor of mifold
9. Recognize and reward employees
“Achievement and recognition are high motivators for employees. If they take risks, reward them. Give them a coupon to go out for dinner, an extra day off, tickets to a show, etc. The small stuff adds up.” – Charley Polachi, managing partner at Polachi Access Executive Search
10. Always say ‘thank you’
“In my experience, employees rarely become unhappy or leave solely over money. When they do become disenchanted it is usually because they don’t like their boss, aren’t engaged or feel like they have stopped learning. Having a positive culture and workplace environment helps a lot, as it encourages teamwork and communication which increases engagement and opportunities for teammates to learn from each other. We also do periodic “shout outs” to people at all levels of the organization for great work or superior effort. These kudos cost nothing but provide important public recognition for a job well done, effectively compensating people in the form of social currency which is highly valued.” – Gary Beasley, co-founder and CEO of Roofstock
11. Offer benefits beyond the basics
“There are many ways to supplement salary by assisting employees in other areas of their lives. You can offer an extra level of life insurance or disability insurance for employees to protect their incomes. Other ancillary benefits, such as dental, optical [and] wellness, are all well received by employees. And gym memberships and transit benefits are great perks to keep employees happy and healthy. It is important to [provide] higher benefits so your employees know that you truly care about them and their families.” – Bobby Hotaling, president and CEO of The Hotaling Group
12. Make employees part of the big picture
“The best benefit you can provide to your employees is the opportunity to make a difference through their work and help guide the course of the company. Benefits such as clear and frequent communication on company happenings, individual and department direction, and big-picture company direction make all the difference in employee happiness.” – Anthony Smith, CEO and founder of Insightly
Want to make your employees happier? A little kindness and compassion go a long way, new research suggests.
According to a study presented at the recent British Psychological Society’s Division of Occupational Psychology annual conference, 80 percent of the managers surveyed think leaders and managers should be taught how to be more compassionate and considerate, and genuinely care for subordinates.
Fiona Beddoes-Jones, the study’s author and a senior lecturer at the University of Worcester in the United Kingdom, said employees want clarity from a logical and pragmatic manager, but they also what to feel that their boss and employer genuinely care about them. She said that is often what is missing in today’s workplace.
“In the drive for performance management the human touch gets overlooked,” Beddoes-Jones said in statement. “And as they say, people don’t care how much you know, until they know how much you care.”
The research, however, revealed somewhat of a disconnect in the type of environment employees want to work in and the management style of their boss. Specifically, 70 percent of those surveyed said they would prefer a “collaborative and supportive” working environment; however, only 26 percent said that they wanted a manager who was “nurturing and kind” or “unconditionally supportive.”
Beddoes-Jones believes this is an area that needs further exploration. She said this conceptualization of modern love in the workplace and the potential organizational implications for engagement, motivation, productivity and well-being have not yet been fully embraced or explored by psychologists.
The study was based on surveys of more than 300 managers and leaders recruited via a number of business social media groups, 90 percent of whom worked within the U.K.