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Waste Water Treatment Processes

There is release of variety of waste from both domestic and industrial such as water, solids and gases. The wastes are absorbed into the environment and cab harmful, However, if the wastes are taken through treatment plants, the amount of harm done to the environment could be minimal. The end products of the waste treatment plants includes clean water, harmless biodegradable and recycled products The choice of treatment plant is dependent on the source and type of waste. Wastewater is a produced in typical all process including homes and industries. The wastewater treatment process involves various stages.

Wastewater from homes is normally treated in septic systems. Though the septic system is simple, it should always remain functional. However, septic systems serving large populations are complex since they have to absorb lots of waste. There are however waste water treatment plants for use in large residential estates and factories. There are manufacturers of wastewater treatment plants and can help with the design and construction of wastewater treatment plant. They will design the plan according to the project specific needs. The manufacturers have engineers who handle the project since its inception to monitoring and maintenance works. These are a sophisticated process that requires large investments. These systems remove quality clean water and thus used at commercial levels.

The wastewater treatment plants involve three main stages. water flows through pipes by means of pumping or gravitational force. In these reservoirs, there is removal of floating and suspending solids. Centrifugal force is applied at this stage. The stage removes about 60% of the suspended solids. Removal of solids can be increased through addition of chemicals. water is then pumped to the secondary stage which is referred to as the organic stage. In this phase, the remaining biodegradable particles are provided as food to controlled organism such as fish. The organisms consume the biodegradable components in the water and remove the phosphates and nitrates in the water. About 80% of water impurities is removed at this stage. Water passed through his phase is not hazardous to the environment.

However, to make the water pure, the third stage is incorporated. The phase is referred as the tertiary level and the water released is usable for a variety of uses. Various chemicals are applied to remove the impurities and ensure that it is safe. Chlorine is used by several firms though it have become a subject of debate in the recent.

Water pumped to the treatment plant should not contain industrial chemicals. The company responsible for releasing water with industrial chemical should take responsibility by establishing a treatment plant at their base to remove the chemicals.

Supporting reference: http://mkikexport.uzletahalon.hu/exportprojekt/exportstrategia/utmutato